Ho, hum. I don't really feel like pubbing a fanzine tonight, either; I just got through running off an 8-pager for K-a, the Comic Fandom apa. (In the course of which I learned of the existence of another new apa, ALA-apa. You have to be a resident of Alabama to be eligible for membership. How many fans are there in Alabama, anyway?) Anyhow, I don't feel like writing any more just now.
It occurs to me that a list of the kings of Portugal would fill up a lot of space. (Also, I can throw out this file card once I've published the information on it.) I hope you like history.
Well, lessee. Portugal used to be a part of the Kingdom of the Visigoths (Visigothic Spain), until July 19, 711, when Roderic the Unlucky and most of his supporters disappeared under the troops of the invading Arabs from North Africa; after which it was a part of Moorish Spain. About a century later, the Catholic Kingdom of Asturias (Kingdom of León after about 910) began expanding down into that area, finally incorporating it as a County, under Leónese suzerainty. In 1140, the reigning Count Affonso declared Portuguese independence and assumed the royal title, and was strong enough to make it stick.
|Affonso I (Henriques), 1112-1185 (Count to 1140; King thereafter)
Sancho I, 1185-1211
Affonso II (the Fat), 1211-1223
Sancho II, 1223-1279
Affonso III, 1248-1279
Affonso IV, 1325-1357
Pedro I, 1357-1367
Fernao, 1367-1383 (died without issue)
interregnum & civil war, 1383-1385
João I, 1385-1433 (House of Avis)
Duarte (the Philosopher), 1433-1438
Affonso V (the African), 1438-1481
João II (the Perfect), 1481-1495
Sebastião (the Crusader; or, the Mad), 1557-1578 (last seen leading a cavalry charge into a Moorish army outnumbering him by about 35 to 1; presumed dead)
Henrique, 1578-1580 (a cleric, and therefore celibate; end of House of Avis)
Felipe I (II of Spain), 1580-1598
Felipe II (III of Spain), 1598-1621
Felipe III (IV of Spain), 1621-1640
João IV, 1640-1656 (House of Braganza)
Affonso VI, 1656-1683
Pedro II, 1683-1706
João V, 1706-1750
Pedro III, 1777-1816 and Maria I, 1777-1816
João VI, 1816-1826
Pedro IV, 1826 (abdicated)
Maria II, 1826-1828
Maria II (restored), 1834-1853
Pedro V, 1853-1861
Carlos, 1889-1908 (assassinated)
Manoel II, 1908-1910 (deposed)
With the extinction of the family of Avis, the crown passed to the Hapsburgs on the Spanish throne, as the nearest legitimate heirs. The Portuguese disliked being treated as a backwater province of Spain, and in 1640, a revolt led by Duke João of Braganza reestablished independence)
(José didn't trust his brother Pedro not to seize the crown from his daughter Maria after his death, so he married them and arranged for them to rule jointly)
(Pedro IV was already Pedro I of Brazil by 1826; politics wouldn't permit him to wear both crowns at once, so he abdicated in favor of his daughter Maria, attempting to marry her to his brother Miguel to keep him from grabbing everything. In 1828, Miguel decided he'd rather run things alone and deposed his child bride. In 1831, Pedro finally had his fill of Brazilian politics and abdicated that crown, too, returning to Portugal to win back the throne for his daughter, which he finally did a few months before his death in 1834. (Not that that was particularly difficult; nobody could stand Miguel))
History is fun. A great big no-prize will be awarded to anyone who can name the land associated with these rulers:
|Allan IV, 937-952
Conan I, 952-992
Geoffrey I, 992-1008
Allan V, 1008-1040
|Conan II, 1040-1066
Hoël V, 1066
Allan VI, 1084-1112
Conan III, 1112-1148
-- BEING COMMENTS ON LAST WEEK'S DISTRIBUTION
Helen Smith -- I'm sure the LASFS would've loved to go Christmas caroling. Just what we'd've sung, now...
Tom Digby -- How does the problem of not throwing a shadow equate with the problem of not throwing a reflection? This all reminds me of James Blish trying to explain scientifically what happens to a werewolf's clothes when he transforms into wolf form, in "There Shall Be No Darkness". ## Drivers are frequently thoughtless. I often have a problem with parking in front of my own house. There's just enough room at the curb there for two cars; however, an unfortunately large percent of the time, when both spaces are vacant, the next car to come along will park right in the middle of the space, so there's not enough room on either side of his car between the driveways for another car to park. ## If you want old LASFS election ballots, I for one will be more than happy to let you collect them.
Jerry Jacks -- Since you moved to the Bay Area because of your job, will you be returning to Los Angeles now that you've quit IBM, or will you look for something else in the Bay Area?
Dwain Kaiser -- As Ted Johnstone said after reading the first "Agent of T.E.R.R.A." paperback, "Boy, is this ever Jack Jardine!" On the whole, it holds up okay, though you probably won't find it worth 50¢. Because it's set in 1966, it reads like a Bat Durston secret agent novel; there's no real reason for it to be stfnal. I suppose others in the series will get further out.